Sunday, January 30, 2011

Revolt in Egypt

The efforts made by people of Tunisia have at last succeeded. People in this North African country had fallen victim of exploitation and tyranny of a family dynasty for more than three decades. President Zine El Abidine Bin Ali had to flee the country after having accepted his defeat in face of popular protests.

It was one of the African countries, which had accepted and embraced Islam in the seventh century. The western borders of Tunisia are adjacent to Algeria, and in the northeast to Libya. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the coasts of the Medetterian Sea. The countries remained under Islamic occupation until 1870. After that, the country turned into a French colony when the French hatched conspiracies against it.

During the Second World War, Tunisia turned into a war field and was targeted by the Italian and German armies. Though Muslim institutions had nothing to do with the war, they bore the brunt of the war. The country remained under the occupation of Hitler and Mussolini for a long time. Later, it was taken over by the allied forces and it became a French colony yet again.

In 1957 Tunisia became an independent country and France handed over the presidentship of the country to Habib Bourguiba, who ruled the country for about twenty years. Later, physicians advised him that he was no longer in a position to rule the country. Without any protest he peacefully handed over the government to Zaine El Abidine Bin Ali. He turned the country into his own property. The country has a population of approximately 10 million. There is, although, democracy in the country, and Zaine El Abidine Bin Ali had been recognized at its duly elected president.

Large-Scale Rigging
During the 2009 elections, he was declared elected with an overwhelming majority. He secured 90 percent of the total votes cast yet the people were not happy with these results as they felt a large-scale rigging was done in the polls. Since he enjoyed the support of Western countries, one could muster courage enough to dethrone him from power. Encouraged by the blindfolded support of the West, he ruthlessly exploited this prosperous country to fill his own coffers.

It is worth a mention that the per capita income in Tunisia is higher than that of the Middle East and other Islamic countries in Africa. It is 40th in the international list of prosperous countries. Having become disillusioned with the family dynastic rule, the people there decided to bring about true democracy in their country. They revolted against him during 2010, but the army and the police under Zaine El Abidine crushed the revolt mercilessly. Even newspapers got stifled. Every newspaper was ordered to carry the Zaine El Abidine propaganda and publicity in at least 90 percent of their space and carry international reports in the remaining 10 percent.

Oppressive Government
The tyranny of the government increased by the day. At the same time the protest by the people continued to escalate and gain ground because of the sacrifices made by them. People bore every kind of tyranny perpetrated by the government but did not succumb to the oppressive government. At last, the president, along with his family had to flee the country. Though the situation in Tunisia is yet to get normalized and no stable government could be formed because of lack of leadership, it is a certainty that the fugitive president has no hopes to make a come back. If the dares to return, he would be arrested and put in prison. People of Tunisia have issued a red corner notice against him through the Interpol.

It is said that a person gets inspiration by seeing others do a thing. The same is happening is yet another African Islamic country, Egypt. People in Egypt have taken to the streets against the President, Hosni Mumbarak and his dynastic rule. Egypt is a country, which links two continents. It has the largest population in Africa and the Middle East. There are about 80 million people. Amongst them 90 percent are Muslims and ten percent Christians. It i s also one of these countries, which had embraced Islam during the seventh century. It remained an Islamic country until the 18th century, but during 1798, Napoleon took it over for a short span of time. During the 19th century the kingdom of Usmania, made the French army to leave the country. Thereafter the Islamic country had to bear the brunt of the First World War and then the British took it over.

US Intervention
It achieved independence in 1922 and during 1957 it was declared as Islamic Republic of Egypt. It was a rare privilege of the country that it got a stalwart Islamic leader in Abdul Gamal Naser, who made a futile attempt to take on the Zionists. After it was defeated by Israel, Egypt no longer remained an Islamic Republic but turned into a puppet of the United States. After the assassination of President Anwarsadat, Hosni Mubarak took over the reins of the government, a democratic despot.

Since then, he continues to come out successful at every husting and he claims to be the ruler of a democratic country but he is looking after the interests of Israel in the Middle East to the best of his ability. The Muslim populace in the country is not only troubled by the irregularities but are also frustrated with the role played by Egypt in the blockade of Ghaza by Israel. Moreover, after the attack on a church in Alexandria early this year, Christians retaliated against Muslims. This also annoyed people.The Muslim population decided to dethrone the pro-West government of Hosni Mubarak. They organized anti-government demonstrations in Cairo, Alexandria and other Egyptian cities.
These demonstrations are so hugely intense that the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) has advised the family of Hosni Mubarak to leave the country. After that, the son and the daughter-in-law of Hosni Mubarak fled the country. The demonstrations are becoming more intense and the observers believe that he would have to abdicate. If it happens, there would be paradigm shift in the situation in the Middle East and there would be a fresh headache for Israel.

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